2021 Mexico

Cognitive Maps Across Multiple Social Sectors: Shared and Unique Perceptions on the Quality of Agricultural Soils in Mexico

Authors: Arroyo-Lambaer, D.; Uscanga, A.; Pina Tejeda, V.; Vazquez-Barrios, V.; Reverchon, F.; Rosell, J.; Escalante, A.; Pena-Ramirez, V.; Benitez, M.; Wegier, A.

Incorporating the views and perceptions of local farmers and other actors with stakes in agricultural production is critical for better-informed decision making and tackling pressing issues, such as soil degradation. We conducted a study that sought to integrate and analyze perceptions regarding the quality and degradation of agricultural soils across different social sectors in Mexico, including producers of two annual crops (maize and beans) and two perennial crops (coffee and avocado), members

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2020 Colombia

Socio-economic and technological typology of avocado cv. Hass farms from Antioquia (Colombia)

Authors: Gaitan, S.B.; Ríos, M.D.

A typology of avocado cv. Hass farms was constructed based on information collected from productive units in Antioquia, Colombia. The study aimed to provide key information about the farms for those involved in the design of programs and public policies directed to growers. The data were scrutinized through Multiple Correspondence Analysis (MCA) and Cluster Analysis. The sample was made up of 214 growers of the crop. Quantitative and qualitative variables were employed for the MCA, which rendered

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2021 Chile

Multilevel business power in environmental politics: the avocado boom and water scarcity in Chile

Authors: Madariaga, A.; Maillet, A.; Rozas, J.

The production and export of avocados in Chile have experienced explosive growth since the 1990s, severely threatening local communities' human right to water. Despite contentious activities and protest, there has been scant reaction from public authorities and policy continues to strongly support avocado exports. We explain this by analyzing the role that business plays in water politics and the different means it has to counter the search for political influence by aggrieved communities. We argue

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2022 Mexico

Designing a Closed-loop Supply Chain Network Considering Social Factors; A Case Study on Avocado Industry

Authors: Salehi-Amiri, A.; Zahedi, A.; Gholian-Jouybari, F.; Rodriguez Calvo, E.Z.; Hajiaghaei-Keshteli, M.

Recently, the closed-loop supply chain (CLSC) and its application to various fields have been an area of great interest. Despite the importance of CLSC, there remains a paucity of evidence on agriculture in this area. In this work, a CLSC network for the avocado industry is firstly designed by developing a bi-objective model considering the costs of the avocado industry and the social factor of job employment opportunities. The two objectives are the total costs minimization and job employment maximization

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2022 Colombia

Environmental life cycle assessment (E-LCA) and social impact assessment (SIA) of small-scale biorefineries implemented in rural zones: the avocado (Persea Americana var. Americana) case in Colombia

Authors: Solarte-Toro, J.C.; Ortiz-Sanchez, M.; Alzate, C.A.C.

The objective of this study is to compare the environmental and social performance of two small-scale avocado biorefineries implanted in a rural zone in the North of Colombia. Two small-scale biorefineries were proposed. Small-B-1 addressed to produce avocado oil and animal feed, and Small-B-2 focused on the guacamole production. The environmental analysis was done by applying the life cycle assessment methodology. Then, agronomic information and process simulation were required to complete the analysis.

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2018 Mexico

2018 Update: The U.S. National and state-level economic benefits of avocado imports from Mexico

Authors: Williams, G.; Hanselka, D.

Avocado imports have grown dramatically in recent years. If international trade theory holds true, the rapidly growing imports of avocados should also be contributing positively to the broader U.S. economy. This report is an update of two previous reports that measure the benefits to the U.S. overall economy and the economies of and individual U.S. states from the rapidly growing imports of Hass avocados from Mexico (Williams, Capps, and Hanselka, 2014 and 2016). The analysis updates the answers

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