2021 Global

Global virtual water trade of avocado

Authors: Caro, D.; Alessandrini, A.; Sporchia, F.; Borghesi, S.

This paper investigates the relationship between international trade of avocado and the related virtual water trade over the period 2000–2016. Using a Physical Trade Analysis, we show that commercial and virtual water trade grew rapidly moving almost hand-in-hand in the years taken into account: in parallel with a remarkable increase of international trade of avocado from 0.4 Mt in 2000 to 1.9 Mt in 2016, the global virtual water trade of avocado increased from 408 Mm³ to 2238 Mm³ over the same

Read full article

2019 Tanzania

Avocado Production and Local Trade in the Southern Highlands of Tanzania: A Case of an Emerging Trade Commodity from Horticulture

Authors: Juma, I.; Fors, H.; Hovmalm, H.P.; Nyomora, A.; Faith, M.; Geleta, M.; Carlsson, A.; Ortiz, R.O.

Avocado crop in Tanzania is sparingly investigated regardless of being an important fruit commodity. This study was undertaken to explore the yield and the value chain of this crop in the country. Data were collected mainly by face-to-face interviews with 275 avocado farmers, 231 avocado traders and 16 key informants. Descriptive statistics, Chi-square test and one-way analysis of variance were used for data analysis. The average crop yield ranged from 76 to 124 kg plant between regions. The average

Read full article

2021 Chile

Multilevel business power in environmental politics: the avocado boom and water scarcity in Chile

Authors: Madariaga, A.; Maillet, A.; Rozas, J.

The production and export of avocados in Chile have experienced explosive growth since the 1990s, severely threatening local communities' human right to water. Despite contentious activities and protest, there has been scant reaction from public authorities and policy continues to strongly support avocado exports. We explain this by analyzing the role that business plays in water politics and the different means it has to counter the search for political influence by aggrieved communities. We argue

Read full article

2018 Costa Rica

Is smuggling welfare-improving? Evidence from avocados in Costa Rica

Authors: Metivier, J.; Bouet, A.

Does smuggling improve economic welfare? This paper provides a theoretical model of illegal trade and determines the impact of smuggling on economic welfare. We focus on Costa Rica’s recent prohibition of avocados imported from Mexico. Using unique data on trade, production, and the price of Costa Rican and Mexican avocados, we find that the quantity of avocados smuggled into Costa Rica on an annual basis ranges from 4,668 to 10,232 metric tons, representing up to four times the quantity of locally

Read full article

2018 Mexico

Analysis of costs and competitiveness in avocado production in Michoacán, Mexico

Authors: Sánchez, M.A.F.; Rodriguez, J.A.L.; Gonzalez, J.M.S.; Ramos, M.A.; Munguia, A.G.

[The] process of globalization has forced avocado producers in Michoacán to improve their competitiveness, be more efficient and control their production costs to adapt to market demands. Cost accounting provides data to monitor the activities of a company, provides tools for making corrective decisions and achieve goals, to maintain or increase profits production costs, profitability and competitiveness of three representative production units (URP) avocado, two of export and for domestic market

Read full article

2018 Mexico

2018 Update: The U.S. National and state-level economic benefits of avocado imports from Mexico

Authors: Williams, G.; Hanselka, D.

Avocado imports have grown dramatically in recent years. If international trade theory holds true, the rapidly growing imports of avocados should also be contributing positively to the broader U.S. economy. This report is an update of two previous reports that measure the benefits to the U.S. overall economy and the economies of and individual U.S. states from the rapidly growing imports of Hass avocados from Mexico (Williams, Capps, and Hanselka, 2014 and 2016). The analysis updates the answers

Read full article