Dealing with Water Scarcity and Salinity: Adoption of Water Efficient Technologies and Management Practices by California Avocado Growers
The irrigated agriculture sector has been facing an increased scarcity of good quality water worldwide. Consequently, the sustainability of water intensive crops, such as avocado, is threatened when water becomes scarce and expensive, or when growers must use saline water supplies that reduce crop yields. A variety of irrigation technologies and water management practices are now recommended to help growers through times of limited water supplies and elevated salinity levels. To examine how growers
Avocado Production Implications at Water Balance since a Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Perspective, 2011-2019
Worldwide 0.77% of available fresh water is accessible to humans (Harrison and Pearce, 2000), approximately 70% of it is used as input for agriculture (CONAGUA, 2018), which responds to the growing global demand for foods. In particular, the production of an avocado requires 227.1 liters of water (WFN, 2015). The growing world demand for this fruit has led to the exponential growth of the cultivated area in the last 15 years in Michoacan, the effects on the water balance are already significant.
Avocado Production: Water Footprint and Socio-economic Implications
The market for avocados is among the fastest expanding markets worldwide, and consumption, particularly in North America and Europe, has increased during recent decades due largely to a combination of socio-economic and marketing factors. Avocado production, however, is associated with significant water conflicts, stresses and hot spots, as well as with other negative environmental and socio-economic impacts on local communities in the main production zones. In considering near-future climatic change